Life Cycle of Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Bed bugs are prolific breeders, their population can quickly grow in a fairly short amount of time.  

  • Eggs Bed Bug eggs are grain like and white in color.  Their minuscule size makes them hard to detect to an untrained eye, egg size is about 1 mm in length. Bed bugs will lay between 1 and 5 eggs per day and eggs can be in clusters or individually.   Bed bug eggs can be found in tight cracks and crevices for added protection. Within two weeks the eggs will hatch and immature bed bugs will be searching for their first blood meal.
  • Nymph– Bed bug nymphs go through 5 stages before reaching maturity. At each stage the bed bug will molt, in order for a bed bug to molt to the next stage it will require a blood meal.  Advancing through nymph stages doesn’t take long if room temperatures/climate play in their favor. The warmer the temperature the quicker they can advance through the 5 stages.
  • Adults– Unfed adult bed bugs are a dark rusty brown color, thin oval shape similar to an apple seed.
    • Fed adult bed bug are a red brown color and their body becomes elongated and engorged after consuming a blood meal.

Bed bugs are not only an uncomfortable house-guest to have; they will quickly take over your home and even sanity.  If you are dealing with bed bugs in your home or business; it is important to call your pest professional. Get a professional inspection and confirmed case as soon as possible. The longer the wait, the more time the infestation can grow.